How do you calculate oil drop?

q = mgV d . Assuming that the oil drop is approximately spherical, its volume is given by the following formula: Vsp = 4 3 ��r , where r is the radius of the oil drop.

How did the oil drop experiment work simple explanation?

Millikens Oil Drop Experiment Definition In the experiment, Milliken allowed charged tiny oil droplets to pass through a hole into an electric field. By varying the strength of the electric field the charge over an oil droplet was calculated, which always came as an integral value of ‘e. ‘

What force causes the oil drops to fall?

In the initial observation the drop falls freely under gravity. If the drop has mass m the gravitational force acting on the drop is mg, where g is the acceleration due to gravity (the gravitational field). This force acts downwards.

Why the oil drop doesn’t move up or down?

The oil drops fall so slowly (a) because they are small and (b) because they are attracted to a positive plate above them. Ionizing radiation gave the fine oil droplets a negative charge. Millikan could measure the rate at which a drop fell through the view of the telescope.

What is the charge of an oil drop?

Through repeated application of this method, the values of the electric charge on individual oil drops are always whole-number multiples of a lowest value—that value being the elementary electric charge itself (about 1.602 × 10−19 coulomb).

What is the mass of an oil drop?

The behavior of small charged droplets of oil, having masses of only 10-12 gram (10-15 kg) or less, is observed in a gravitational and an electric field. Measuring the velocity of fall of the drop in air enables, with the use of Stokes’ Law, the cal- culation of the mass of the drop.

What happens when a drop of water is added to oil?

When a drop of water happens on the oil surface two forces come into play. Within the water molecules, one is the cohesion forces and the other is the adhesion forces between oil and water.

What is the hypothesis of Millikan oil drop experiment?

I hypothesized that an oil drop entering the space between the two copper plates would be affected by the uniform electric, gravitational fields, and the viscous drag (after applying a voltage on the plates). When the oil drop is motionless, mg=neV / d.

How did the oil drop experiment prove the atomic theory?

Robert Millikan was able to determine the mass of an electron by using charged oil drops. Electrons have such a small mass, they were believed to be massless. Millikan’s experiment determined that the electrons did, indeed, have mass. I hope this helps.

Why do some oil drops move upward?

Oil drops that are moving up either contain many electrons or have a low mass (or both), as the force they experience due to the electric field is greater than their weight.

Why do oil drops lose electrons?

The oils droplets became charged when x-rays passed through the chamber – but they do not lose electrons. As the oil droplets fell, the x-rays ionized the air in the chamber. This causes the electrons to attach to the oil drops.

When was the oil drop experiment?

Robert Millikan’s famous oil drop experiment, reported in August 1913, elegantly measured the fundamental unit of electric charge.

Why does the oil drop evaporate?

Ordinary oils would evaporate under the heat of the light source causing the mass of the oil drop to change over the course of the experiment. Some oil drops became electrically charged through friction with the nozzle as they were sprayed.

Why does an oil drop spread on cold water?

The surface tension of oil is greater than that of hot water, and hence, its shape remains as a drop. The surface tension of oil is less than cold water, and hence, oil spreads over cold water.

How can upward and downward terminal velocity of oil drop be measured?

The terminal velocity v of the droplet is measured using the microscope. The gravitational force acting on the oil drop downwards is equal to mg = 4/3 πa3 ρg, where a is the radius of the oil drop, ρ is the density of the oil, and g, the acceleration due to gravity.

Is oil drop negatively charged?

An oil droplet could be negatively charged (excess electrons), positively charged (deficiency of electrons), or uncharged.

Is oil negatively charged or positively?

As for oil, it is a non-polar chemical. Since the atoms in the fatty acids in oil share their electrons nicely, they (usually) have no charge, or at least not enough to make the whole molecule polar. Given their lack of positive or negative charge, they are not attracted to a polar molecule like water.

How many electrons does oil drop?

Therefore there are 5 electrons on the oil drop. Q. An oil drop has 7.99 × 10−19 C charge.

How did Millikan calculate the mass of an oil droplet?

Millikan suspended oil droplets between two electric plates and determined their charges. Oil droplets from a fine mist fell through a hole in the upper plate. From their terminal velocity, he could calculate the mass of each drop. Millikan then used x-rays to ionize the air in the chamber.

Does oil drops float on water?

Anything having density less than that of water will float on the top of the water layer. Oil always floats on water. The reason behind this is, oil is less dense than water. Hence the correct answer is option C, Oil is both less dense and immiscible with water.

Why does water and oil not go together?

Oils and fats not have any polar part and so for them to dissolve in water they would have to break some of water s hydrogen bonds. Water will not do this so the oil is forced to stay separate from the water.

How did Millikan calculate the charge of an electron?

Millikan was able to observe the motion of the oil drops with a microscope and found that the drops lined up in a specific way between the plates, based on the number of electric charges they had acquired. Millikan used the information to calculate the charge of an electron.

What was the result of the oil drop experiment?

The Millikan Oil Drop Experiment An experiment performed by Robert Millikan in 1909 determined the size of the charge on an electron. He also determined that there was a smallest ‘unit’ charge, or that charge is ‘quantized’. He received the Nobel Prize for his work.

Why oil drops are spherical in shape?

The spherical nature of water and oil drops is due to the phenomena of surface tension. On smaller raindrops, the surface tension is stronger than in larger drops. For a given volume of a liquid, a sphere has the least surface area. The more the surface area of an object, the more is its surface energy.

Is the shape of oil drop?

As the upper half of the droplet will be surrounded by a slightly lighter, and the lower half by a slightly heavier aqueous phase, the droplet will be deformed from a sphere into an oblate spheroid with axis of symmetry in the direction of the density gradient.

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