Sound intensity can be found from the following equation: I=Δp22ρvw. Δ p – change in pressure, or amplitude ρ – density of the material the sound is traveling through vw– speed of observed sound.

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## How do you calculate sound in physics?

The equation for the speed of sound in air v = √γRTM can be simplified to give the equation for the speed of sound in air as a function of absolute temperature: v=√γRTM=√γRTM(273K273K)=√(273K)γRM√T273K≈331m/s√T273K. v=fλ.

## How do u calculate sound waves?

## How do you solve sound travel?

For calculating the distance that sound travels; distance = velocity x time. Hence, the distance between the sensor and the object is one-half the distance traveled by the sound wave. Equation 4.

## What is the intensity of a 70 dB sound?

70 decibels is as loud as a washing machine or a dishwasher. It is a moderate noise level. 70 dB noise is not considered harmful to human hearing. However, extended exposure to levels above 55-60 dB can be considered disturbing or become annoying.

## What is the real speed of sound?

The speed of sound varies depending on the temperature of the air through which the sound moves. On Earth, the speed of sound at sea level — assuming an air temperature of 59 degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees Celsius) — is 761.2 mph (1,225 km/h).

## How do you find frequency?

To calculate frequency, divide the number of times the event occurs by the length of time. Example: Anna divides the number of website clicks (236) by the length of time (one hour, or 60 minutes).

## What is the wavelength of sound?

For sound waves in air, the speed of sound is 343 m/s (at room temperature and atmospheric pressure). The wavelengths of sound frequencies audible to the human ear (20 Hz–20 kHz) are thus between approximately 17 m and 17 mm, respectively.

## What is the formula of loudness?

Question: The loudness of a sound is measured in decibels. The decibel level of a sound is given by the formula D = 10 log (I/I0 ), where D is the decibel level (dB), I is its intensity in watts per square meter (W/m2 ), and I0 = 10−12 W/m2 is the intensity of a barely audible “threshold” sound.

## What is the formula for dB?

One decibel (0.1 bel) equals 10 times the common logarithm of the power ratio. Expressed as a formula, the intensity of a sound in decibels is 10 log10 (S1/S2), where S1 and S2 are the intensity of the two sounds; i.e., doubling the intensity of a sound means an increase of a little more than 3 dB.

## What is the SI unit for sound?

Since this energy can be measured, the most common SI unit of sound that is used is Decibel which is abbreviated as dB. This unit is basically used to express the ratio of some value of a physical property to another, mainly on a logarithmic scale. This is called as Decibel Scale or DB Scale.

## How do you measure speed of sound?

SPEED=DISTANCE/TIME. To work out the speed of the sound in metres per second, divide the distance in metres by the average time in seconds. For example 170 metres divided by 0.50 seconds = 340 m/s. You have calculated the speed of sound!

## How do you calculate frequency and distance?

Frequency is cycles divided by time. Multiply the two, the cycles cancel out, and you get distance divided by time, or velocity. For instance, if you look at a 90MHz FM radio wave (that’s 9 x 10^7 cycles per second), the wavelength is about 3 1/3 meters (that’s 3.333 meters per cycle).

## What affects speed of sound?

The speed of sound in a medium is determined by a combination of the medium’s rigidity (or compressibility in gases) and its density. The more rigid (or less compressible) the medium, the faster the speed of sound. The greater the density of a medium, the slower the speed of sound.

## What is the speed of sound at 55 C?

4859 ft/s; or. 3313 mph.

## How far does sound travel per second?

The speed of sound through the atmosphere is a constant that depends on the daily temperature. On a standard day at sea level static conditions, the speed of sound is about 760 mph, or 1100 feet/second.

## What is the speed of sound in air at 0 C?

The speed of sound in dry air at a temperature of 0 degree C is approximately 344 m/sec (1130 ft/sec).

## What is 50 dB sound like?

How Loud Is 50 Decibels? 50 dB is as loud as a quiet conversation, a quiet suburb, a quiet office, or a quiet refrigerator. Notice the use of the word ‘quiet’ when describing this noise level? That’s because all sounds between 31-60 decibels are considered quiet.

## What is 90 decibels sound like?

90 decibels is a high noise level, equivalent to the noise generated by a leaf blower or the sound level of a concert. Compared to 80 dB, 90 dB is 10 times more intense and twice as loud. Whenever you are exposed to this noise level, you should wear hearing protection.

## What does 120 decibels sound like?

100 – 120 decibels: For example, a bulldozer, impact wrench, or motorcycle. 120 – 140 decibels: Such as, a rock concert, auto racing, or a hammer pounding a nail. 125 – 155 decibels: Like, firecrackers or fireworks, or a jet engine. 170 – 190 decibels: For example, a shot gun blast or a rocket lift off.

## Which is faster light or sound?

Light waves travel much faster than sound waves. Light waves do not need a medium in which to travel but sound waves do. Explain that unlike sound, light waves travel fastest through a vacuum and air, and slower through other materials such as glass or water.

## What are the SI units for speed?

unit of speed is the meter per second (m/s).

## How fast is sound in water?

Sound travels faster in water than in air. The speed of sound in air under typical conditions is about 343 meters per second, while the speed of sound in water is about 1,480 meters per second.

## What is the unit of frequency?

The SI unit for frequency is the hertz (Hz). One hertz is the same as one cycle per second.

## How do I calculate amplitude?

The amplitude is the distance between the centerline and the peak or trough. x = A sin (ωt + ϕ) or x = A cos (ωt + ϕ) is the formula.