What are the 7 types of waves of electromagnetic?

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In order from highest to lowest energy, the sections of the EM spectrum are named: gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet radiation, visible light, infrared radiation, and radio waves. Microwaves (like the ones used in microwave ovens) are a subsection of the radio wave segment of the EM spectrum.

What are the 7 types of waves in the electromagnetic spectrum PDF?

  • Radio Waves: Instant Communication. •••
  • Microwaves: Data and Heat. •••
  • Infrared Waves: Invisible Heat. •••
  • Visible Light Rays. •••
  • Ultraviolet Waves: Energetic Light. •••
  • X-rays: Penetrating Radiation. •••
  • Gamma Rays: Nuclear Energy. •••

What is electromagnetic wave theory?

Electromagnetic wave theory was given by Clark Maxwell. The main points of electromagnetic wave theory were : When an electrically charged particle moves under acceleration, alternating electrical and magnetic fields are produced and transmitted. These fields are transmitted in the form of waves.

What is electromagnetic engineering?

Electromagnetic engineers design and develop electromagnetic systems, devices, and components, such as electromagnets in loudspeakers, electromagnetic locks, conducting magnets in MRI’s, and magnets in electric motors.

What are the properties of electromagnetic wave?

  • transfer energy from one place to another;
  • can be reflected;
  • can be refracted .

What are the characteristics of electromagnetic waves?

The three characteristics of electromagnetic waves are: Electromagnetic waves are transverse in nature. Electromagnetic waves consist of oscillating magnetic and electric fields that, are perpendicular to each other. Electromagnetic waves travel through vacuum with same speed, 3 × 10 8 m / s .

Which wave is the biggest?

An earthquake followed by a landslide in 1958 in Alaska’s Lituya Bay generated a wave 100 feet high, the tallest tsunami ever documented. When the wave ran ashore, it snapped trees 1,700 feet upslope. Five deaths were recorded, but property damage was minimal because there were few cities or towns nearby.

What are the 4 type of waves?

  • Mechanical waves.
  • Electromagnetic waves.
  • Matter waves.

What are 10 examples of electromagnetic waves?

  • Radio and Television.
  • Microwave Ovens.
  • Medical Examination.
  • Sterilization.
  • Communication Devices.
  • RADAR.
  • Military Equipment.
  • Cancer Therapy.

What is the formula for electromagnetic waves?

If the frequency of oscillation of the charged particle is f, then it produces an electromagnetic wave with frequency f. The wavelength λ of this wave is given by λ = c/f. Electromagnetic waves transfer energy through space.

Who discovered electromagnetic wave?

Memorial of Heinrich Hertz on the campus of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, which translates as At this site, Heinrich Hertz discovered electromagnetic waves in the years 1885–1889.

Why electromagnetic waves are important?

Electromagnetic waves are used to transmit long/short/FM wavelength radio waves, and TV/telephone/wireless signals or energies. They are also responsible for transmitting energy in the form of microwaves, infrared radiation (IR), visible light (VIS), ultraviolet light (UV), X-rays, and gamma rays.

How engineers use electromagnets?

Engineers use electromagnets when they design and build motors. Motors are in use around us everyday, so we interact with electromagnets all the time without even realizing it!

What are 10 uses of electromagnets?

  • Generators, motors, and transformers.
  • Electric buzzers and bells.
  • Headphones and loudspeakers.
  • Relays and valves.
  • Data storage devices like VCRs, tape recorders, hard discs, etc.
  • Induction cooker.
  • Magnetic locks.
  • MRI machines.

What are the 4 properties of a wave?

Examples of common waves that we come in contact with are sound and light. No matter whether you are talking about vibrations or waves, all of them can be characterized by the following four characteristics: amplitude, wavelength, frequency, and speed.

What is the frequency of an electromagnetic wave?

Wavelengths of electromagnetic waves range from about 10^-18 m (one trillionth of a meter) to 100 km, and frequencies range from 3 × 10^26 Hz to 3 ×10^3 Hz. The speed of electromagnetic waves is about 300 million meters per second (3.0 x 108 m/s).

What are the four main properties of waves?

All kinds of waves have the same fundamental properties of reflection, refraction, diffraction and interference, and all waves have a wavelength, frequency, speed and amplitude.

What is another name for electromagnetic wave?

Electromagnetic waves can be split into a range of frequencies. This is known as the electromagnetic spectrum. Examples of EM waves are radio waves, microwaves, infrared waves, X-rays, gamma rays, etc.

What is electromagnetic wave speed?

Electromagnetic radiation is an electric and magnetic disturbance traveling through space at the speed of light (2.998 × 108 m/s).

What are the six characteristics of electromagnetic waves?

  • Field of Electromagnetic wave.
  • Field Angle of Electromagnetic Wave.
  • Direction Of Electromagnetic Wave During Propagation.
  • Reflection of Electromagnetic Waves.
  • Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves.
  • Intensity of Electromagnetic Waves.

Which wave has longest wavelength?

Radio Waves — The waves in the electromagnetic spectrum that have the longest wavelengths and lowest frequency are called radio waves.

How are waves measured?

Scientists use two measures to describe ocean waves: height and length. As is shown on the figure, wave height is defined as the height of the wave from the wave top, called the wave crest to the bottom of the wave, called the wave trough.

Why do waves break?

Scientists have concluded that waves break when their amplitude reaches a critical level that causes large amounts of wave energy to be transformed into turbulent kinetic energy, like a ball rolling down the hill.

What is the unit for frequency?

The SI unit for frequency is the hertz (Hz).

What are the 2 types of waves?

Waves come in two kinds, longitudinal and transverse. Transverse waves are like those on water, with the surface going up and down, and longitudinal waves are like of those of sound, consisting of alternating compressions and rarefactions in a medium.

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