# What are the important topics in motion in a straight line?

Motion in a Straight Line: Acceleration, Velocity, Displacement and Speed.

Table of Contents

## What is motion in a straight line physics?

What is Motion in a Straight Line? If an object changes its position with respect to its surroundings with time, then it is called in motion. It is a change in the position of an object over time. Motion in a straight line is nothing but linear motion.

## What is velocity Science Grade 7?

Velocity defines the direction of the movement of the body or the object. Speed is primarily a scalar quantity. Velocity is essentially a vector quantity. It is the rate of change of distance.

## What are the 4 types of motions?

• linear.
• rotary.
• reciprocating.
• oscillating.

## What are the 3 equation of motion?

The three equations are, v = u + at. v² = u² + 2as. s = ut + ½at²

## What is the SI unit of speed?

The SI unit of speed is given in terms of basic units of distance and time. Thus, the SI unit of speed is metre per second or m/s.

## What are types of speed?

• Uniform speed.
• Variable speed.
• Average speed.
• Instantaneous speed.

## What is the formula of uniform velocity?

The condition in which a body covers equal distance in an equal interval of time is known to be uniform velocity. In equation(d = v t) v is the average velocity of a body during time t.

## What are the types of motion?

According to the nature of the movement, motion is classified into three types as follows: Linear Motion. Rotary Motion. Oscillatory Motion.

## Is there difference between velocity and speed Why?

Speed is the time rate at which an object is moving along a path, while velocity is the rate and direction of an object’s movement. Put another way, speed is a scalar value, while velocity is a vector.

## What is the motion along a straight line called?

Linear motion is the motion in which a body moves along a straight line.

## What are the 3 types of velocity?

• Constant Velocity. An object with a constant velocity does not change in speed or direction.
• Changing Velocity. Objects with changing velocity exhibit a change in speed or direction over a period of time.
• Mathematics of Acceleration.
• Instant Velocity.
• Terminal Velocity.

## Is speed a vector or scalar?

Speed is a scalar quantity – it is the rate of change in the distance travelled by an object, while velocity is a vector quantity – it is the speed of an object in a particular direction.

## Is force a vector?

A force has both magnitude and direction, therefore: Force is a vector quantity; its units are newtons, N.

## What type of motion is a door?

when a force is applied normally on the handle of a door, the door begins to rotate about an axis passing through the hinges on which the door rests. This is an example of rotational motion.

## What is the formula for movement?

Newton’s second law, which states that the force F acting on a body is equal to the mass m of the body multiplied by the acceleration a of its centre of mass, F = ma, is the basic equation of motion in classical mechanics.

## What are some real life examples of motion?

Running, cycling, jumping, swimming, eating, drinking, playing, writing, typing, moving cars, and throwing a ball are all examples of motion.

## What is s in physics motion?

They are often referred to as the SUVAT equations, where “SUVAT” is an acronym from the variables: s = displacement, u = initial velocity, v = final velocity, a = acceleration, t = time.

## What is initial velocity?

Initial Velocity is the velocity at time interval t = 0 and it is represented by u. It is the velocity at which the motion starts. They are four initial velocity formulas: (1) If time, acceleration and final velocity are provided, the initial velocity is articulated as. u = v – at.

## What are the 7 basic units?

• Length – meter (m)
• Time – second (s)
• Amount of substance – mole (mole)
• Electric current – ampere (A)
• Temperature – kelvin (K)
• Luminous intensity – candela (cd)
• Mass – kilogram (kg)

## What is the unit of motion?

SI unit of Force: newton(N) or kg.

## What are the 4 types of acceleration?

• Acceleration. Rate of change of velocity is called acceleration.
• Unit of acceleration = m/s2 or ms–2
• Types of acceleration.
• Uniform & Non Uniform Acceleration.
• Uniform Acceleration.
• Non uniform acceleration.
• Instantaneous Acceleration.
• Acceleration is determined by the slope of time-velocity graph.

## What is called velocity?

Velocity is a vector expression of the displacement that an object or particle undergoes with respect to time . The standard unit of velocity magnitude (also known as speed ) is the meter per second (m/s). Alternatively, the centimeter per second (cm/s) can be used to express velocity magnitude.

## What is constant velocity?

To have a constant velocity, an object must have a constant speed in a constant direction. Constant direction constrains the object to motion in a straight path thus, a constant velocity means motion in a straight line at a constant speed.