What do you mean by Conductometer?

: any instrument for measuring conductivity specifically : one for comparing the rates at which rods of different materials transmit heat.

What is the principle of Conductometer?

The principle of the conductometric titration process can be stated as follows – During a titration process, one ion is replaced with another and the difference in the ionic conductivities of these ions directly impacts the overall electrolytic conductivity of the solution.

What is the unit of Conductometry?

Conductometry is the measurement of the electrical conductivity of a solution. The conductance is defined as the current flow through the conductor. In other words, it is defined as the reciprocal of the resistance. The unit for the conductance is Seimens (S) which is the reciprocal of Ohm’s (Ω −1).

Why is Conductometry used?

Conductometry is used to analyze ionic species and to monitor a chemical reaction by studying the electrolytic conductivity of the reacting species or the resultant products. It has notable applications in analytical chemistry.

What are the types of Conductometry?

  • Acid-base titration.
  • Precipitation titration.
  • Replacement titration.
  • Redox (oxidation-reduction) titration.
  • Complexometric titration.

What is the SI unit of conductivity?

The SI unit of electrical conductivity is siemens per metre (S/m).

How do you calibrate a Conductometer?

  1. Step 1: Soak your conductivity meter in distilled water for 30 minutes.
  2. Step 2: Cut open your calibration pouch about a half inch from the top.
  3. Step 3: Press the power button once.
  4. Step 4: Place your conductivity meter into the solution in the pouch.

What is the unit of specific conductivity?

Specific conductance is just reciprocal quantity of specific resistance. the unit of specific resistance is ohm meter so unit of specific conductance would be siemen per metre or mho per meter.

What is conductivity cell and types?

Conductive cell There are TYPE-A conductivity cells, TYPE-B conductivity cells, and TYPE-C conductivity cells. Electrodes – The sheets of platinum, each 1 cm wide, are fixed one to another. A layer of platinum black has been applied to the surface to decrease polarization effects and increase effective surface area.

What are the electrodes used in Conductometry?

Answer: Conductivity cell :- Made of pyrex or quartz and are fitted with two platinum electrodes. Should be placed in vessel containing water to maintain constant temp. types of conductivity cells are TYPE-A, TYPE-B, & TYPE-C.

What is cell constant?

The cell constant, defined as K, corresponds to a theoretical electrode consisting of a distance of 1 cm between two 1 cm square plates. There are units of 1/cm (per centimetre) for a cell constant, where the sum corresponds to the ratio of the distance between the electrode plates and the plate surface area.

Why KCl is used in Conductometry?

KCl is used for calibration of conductivity meter because it is very stable. EXPLANATION: KCl or potassium chloride is product of reaction between a strong acid and a strong base, so it is strongly bonded because of high electropositive nature of potassium and high electronegative nature of chlorine.

Why DC current is not used in Conductometry?

3. So DC current through the conductivity cell will lead to the electrolysis of the solution taken in the cell. To avoid such a electrolysis, we have to use AC current for measuring equivalent conductance.

What is cell constant of a conductivity cell?

The cell constant of a conductivity cell is the ratio of distance between the electrodes plates to the surface area of the electrode plates. It has unit cm−1.It is represented by K. It is given as,- ⇒ Cell constant=Distance between the electrodesSurface area of electrode plates.

Which unit is mho?

The siemens (symbolized S) is the Standard International (SI) unit of electrical conductance. The archaic term for this unit is the mho (ohm spelled backwards).

What is the formula of conductance?

Mathematically, conductance equals the reciprocal of resistance: G = 1/R.

What is the unit and formula of conductivity?

The conductivity unit is Siemens per meter (S \cdot m^-1). Also, we used to refer it to as mho – that is the reciprocal of an Ohm and this is incidental by spelling Ohm backwards. Furthermore, conductance is the reciprocal of resistance and one Siemens is equivalent to the reciprocal of 1 Ohm.

What is the conductivity of 0.1 M KCl?

The conductivity of 0.1 M KCl solution is 1.29Sm−1.

What is the conductivity of NaCl?

EC of 256 mM NaCl is approximately 21 mS/cm [78] .

What is conductivity calibration?

In-process calibration involves connecting the process and referee sensors in series and measuring the conductivity of the process liquid simultaneously. Grab sample calibration involves taking a sample of the process liquid and measuring its conductivity in either the laboratory or shop using the referee instrument.

How is conductivity measured?

Conductivity is measured with a probe and a meter. Voltage is applied between two electrodes in a probe immersed in the sample water. The drop in voltage caused by the resistance of the water is used to calculate the conductivity per centimeter.

Why conductance is denoted by G?

In equations, an uppercase letter G symbolizes conductance. The standard unit of conductance is siemens (S), formerly known as mho. Conductance is essentially a property found in good conductors of electricity, like aluminum and copper.

What is the difference between conductivity and specific conductivity?

Conductivity tests of electricity through various liquid substances are done by placing electrodes at either end of a tank of the solution. Specific conductivity takes the area of the electrodes into account to make sure that the measurement of the current conducted is as accurate as possible.

What is function of conductivity cell?

A conductivity cell is a device that is comprised of electrodes that sense the electrical conductivity of a substance, such as water. Common configurations include two electrode cells and four electrode conductivity cells.

What is the SI unit of cell constant?

Solution : Cell constant is the ratio of the distance between the electrodes (l) and the area of cross-section (A). It is denoted by `l/A`. Its unit is `cm^(-1)`. Its SI unit is `m^(-1)`.

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