What do you mean equivalent resistance in physics?

Equivalent resistance: If a single resistance can replace the combination of resistances in such a manner that the current in the circuit remains unchanged, then that single resistance is called the equivalent resistance.

What is equivalent resistance example?

For example, when two 6-Ω resistors are connected in series, it would be equivalent to having one 12-Ω resistor in the circuit. This is the concept of equivalent resistance in a series circuit.

What is equivalent resistance formula?

In a series circuit, the equivalent resistance is the algebraic sum of the resistances. The current through the circuit can be found from Ohm’s law and is equal to the voltage divided by the equivalent resistance. The potential drop across each resistor can be found using Ohm’s law.

What is equivalent resistance in a circuit?

. Since there is only one path for the charges to flow through, the current is the same through each resistor. The equivalent resistance of a set of resistors in a series connection is equal to the algebraic sum of the individual resistances.

What is equivalent resistance in parallel?

Two identical resistors in parallel have an equivalent resistance half the value of either resistor. The current splits equally between the two.

What is the difference between effective resistance and equivalent resistance?

What is the difference between Equivalent Resistance and Effective Resistance? Equivalent resistance is a purely resistive property, which does not change with any other variable. Effective resistance is another name given to the impedance. Impedance is a property, which changes with the frequency of the signal.

Why is equivalent resistance less in parallel?

In parallel combination of resistors, the effective area of cross-section of the conductor increases, to the resistance decreases.

How do you find the equivalent resistance in a parallel circuit?

How do you calculate two resistors in parallel? Take their reciprocal values, add the two together and take the reciprocal again. For example, if one resistor is 2 Ω and the other is 4 Ω, then the calculation to find the equivalent resistance is 1 / (1/2 + 1/4) = 1 / (3/4) = 4/3 = 1.33.

How do you find the equivalent resistance between two points?

One trick that is used is to place a current source across the two nodes you need to know the resistance between, then solve for the voltage across those two nodes, then R=V/I.

How do you find the equivalent resistance of a series circuit?

What is equivalent resistance between a and B?

Therefore, equivalent Resistance between A and B is 5Ω

How do you find the equivalent resistance of a Wheatstone bridge?

Since, 2/3 = 4/6, this is the circuit of a balanced Wheatstone bridge. In the balanced state, VB = VD, so no current will flow through the 5 Ω resistance. Now the equivalent resistance of sides AB and BC is R’ = 2 + 3 = 5 Ω.

What is the formula of equivalent capacitance?

This equation, when simplified, is the expression for the equivalent capacitance of the parallel network of three capacitors: Cp=C1+C2+C3.

What is the equivalent capacitance?

The equivalent capacitance of two capacitors connected in parallel is the sum of the individual capacitances.

How do you find the equivalent resistance of a triangle?

Equivalent of R′ and RAB can be calculated using formula, REQ=R+RRR⟹REQ=160+40160×40=32Ω

What is equivalent resistance in series and parallel?

The equivalent resistance is where the aggregate resistance connected either in parallel or series is calculated. Essentially, the circuit is designed either in Series or Parallel. Electrical resistance shows how much energy one needs when you move the charges/current through your devices.

Is equivalent resistance the same in parallel and series?

The equivalent resistance of two resistors connected in series is the sum of the individual resistances. Figure 19: Two resistors connected in parallel. The reciprocal of the equivalent resistance of two resistances connected in parallel is the sum of the reciprocals of the individual resistances.

What is a series vs parallel circuit?

In a series circuit, the same amount of current flows through all the components placed in it. On the other hand, in parallel circuits, the components are placed in parallel with each other due to which the circuit splits the current flow.

What is the meaning of effective resistance?

Hint: Effective Resistance refers to the resistance between two points in any electric network in any electric circuit. The total resistance of all the resistors used in any electric circuit where the resistor is two or more is the effective resistance of the circuit.

What is effective resistance and ohmic resistance?

Detailed Solution If the resistance is constant over a large range of values of current and voltage, the resistor is referred to as an ohmic device. Hence if the current is uniformly distributed in the conductor cross-section, the effective resistance of a conductor will be the same as ohmic resistance.

What is effective resistance with example?

The effective resistance of a circuit containing resistances in parallel is smaller than any of the individual resistances. For example : R1=2Ω and R2=3Ω ∴ Effective resistance Rp1=R11+R21. OR R1=21+31 Rp=1.

Why is voltage same in parallel?

Resistors in parallel have the same numerical voltage drop because they are connected between the same two nodes. If they are connected between different nodes, they are not in parallel, even if they look like they’re in parallel and have the same numerical voltage across them.

Why does current increase in parallel?

Adding more parallel resistances to the paths causes the total resistance in the circuit to decrease. As you add more and more branches to the circuit the total current will increase because Ohm’s Law states that the lower the resistance, the higher the current.

Why current is same in series?

Since there is only one path for electron flow in a series circuit, the current is the same magnitude at any point in the circuit. The total current in a series circuit is the same as the current through any resistance of the circuit.

What is Main Line current?

Mains electricity or utility power, power grid, domestic power, and wall power, or in some parts of Canada as hydro, is a general-purpose alternating-current (AC) electric power supply. It is the form of electrical power that is delivered to homes and businesses through the electric grid in many parts of the world.

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