What is the Coefficient of Performance? The Coefficient Of Performance (COP) is a performance rating that tells us how effective a heat pump or air conditioner is at transfering heat versus the amount of electrical power it consumes.
What is the coefficient of performance formula?
K = QH / Win K = Coefficient of Performance, QH = The heat pump’s output, Win = The work required by the considered system.
Why is the coefficient of performance important?
In formula, the Coeffient of Performance is the ratio of the power output to the power input of the system. One thing to remember is that the Coefficient Performance helps you determine the efficiency of a system, especially if you’re purchasing a heat pump.
What is the COP formula?
You want to build a refrigerator or an air conditioner. For such a device we define the coefficient of performance COP as the ratio of the amount of heat removed at the lower temperature to the work put into the system (i.e. the engine). COP = Qlow/(-W) = Qlow/(Qhigh – Qlow).
What is the unit of coefficient of performance?
COP (Coefficient of Performance) COP is defined as the relationship between the power (kW) that is drawn out of the heat pump as cooling or heat, and the power (kW) that is supplied to the compressor.
What is a good COP value?
The coefficient of performance, COP, is the ratio of heat or cold produced by a heat pump to the specific energy input. The ideal cop for heat pump systems starts from 2.0. That’s for the air source heat pumps, while geothermal starts at 3.1. Still, the cop of a heat pump can be above 4.0.
What is difference between COP and efficiency?
Thus, we conclude that efficiency relates to the use of all inputs in producing any given output, including personal time and energy. The coefficient of performance or COP (sometimes CP) of a heat pump is the ratio of the heating or cooling provided over the electrical energy consumed.
Why COP is used instead of efficiency?
Efficiency is a dimensionless obtained by dividing two quantities of same units. The Coefficient of Performance (COP) can depend on numerous other variables and can be used to easily compare the performance of two different units, or the same unit under different conditions.
What does COP mean for heat pumps?
COP (Coefficient of Performance) The Co-efficient of performance (COP) is an expression of the efficiency of a heat pump. When calculating the COP for a heat pump, the heat output from the condenser (Q) is compared to the power supplied to the compressor (W). COP = |Q| W.
What affects the coefficient of performance?
Maximum Coefficient of Performance Just like there is a thermal Carnot efficiency, there is also a Carnot coefficient of performance. This maximum coefficient of performance depends on the temperatures of the hot and cold reservoirs of the system.
What is COP measured in?
Simply put, COP equals the amount of energy produced (energy out) divided by energy used (energy in). The energy out – the amount of heat moved by the heat pump – is measured in BTU/h, or British Thermal Units per hour.
What does a high coefficient of performance mean?
Coefficient of Performance (COP) is the efficiency ratio of the amount of heating or cooling provided by a heating or cooling unit to the energy consumed by the system. The higher the Coefficient of Performance the more efficient the system.
What is COP of Carnot cycle?
The COP of a Carnot refrigeration cycle is a function only of the upper and lower temperatures of the cycle, and it is true that the reversed Carnot cycle is the most efficient refrigeration cycle operating between these two specified temperature levels.
Why actual COP is less than theoretical and Carnot COP?
In actual vapor compression cycle condensation and evaporation do not occur at constant pressure. Further compression is not isentropic and the overall COP of the cycle is lower. The actual vapor compression cycle is thereby less effective as compared to theoretical vapor compression cycle.
How do you increase coefficient of performance?
The coefficient of performance (cop), which is a ratio of heat transfer rate at the evaporator to the power input to the compressor in the refrigeration system. The coefficient of performance can be increased either by decreasing the compressor work or by increasing the refrigeration effect.
What is coefficient of performance in thermodynamics?
COP (Coefficient of Performance) COP is defined as the relationship between the power (kW) that is drawn out of the heat pump as cooling or heat, and the power (kW) that is supplied to the compressor. For example: A given heat pump used for air cooling has a COP = 2.
What is COP in mechanical engineering?
COP stands for Coefficient Of Performance and indicates the efficiency of heating and cooling machines. The COP is defined by the ratio heat dissipation and electrical power intake. It’s like the efficiency of the machine, but higher than 100%. It could be less than 100% for a machine not working properly.
What is COP in refrigeration formula?
Coefficient of Performance – Refrigerator, Air Conditioner The coefficient of performance, COP, of a refrigerator is defined as the heat removed from the cold reservoir Qcold (i.e., inside a refrigerator) divided by the work W done to remove the heat (i.e., the work done by the compressor).
Can coefficient of performance be less than 1?
Thus, we can say that the COP of the refrigerator and air-conditioner can be less than one or greater than one. The above formula also shows that the COP of the heat pump can never be less than one; it is always more than one.
How does COP vary with temperature?
The Coefficient of Performance (COP) of any heat pump will vary as either the inlet temperature or the heat pumps outlet temperature varies. As the inlet temperature increases from the ground, the COP will also increase.
What is the maximum COP for a heat pump?
In fact, the highest COP a heat pump can achieve is about 4.5. Any heat pump with a COP of above 3 has very high energy efficiency.
Why COP is always greater than 1?
COP will be more than one in heat pumps because all the work will be converted into heat that itself gives 100% efficiency. For vapour compression cycles the COP will be always greater than unity. Because the value of COP being less than one means that the efficiency of the system will be greater than one.
Is efficiency same as coefficient of performance?
Efficiency is used to describe power cycles that output energy, i.e. any steam/gas power cycle while COP is used for cycles that consume energy.
Why COP of AC is more than refrigerator?
Since the heat exchange in the evaporator changes the phase of the refrigerant, and it is known that during the phase change the temperature and the pressure are dependent properties therefore the pressure of the evaporator in the air-conditioner will be more compared to the refrigerator for the same condenser pressure …
How can a COP improve a heat pump?
As can be seen, the COP of a heat pump system can be improved by reducing the temperature difference (Thot – Tcold). Therefore, reducing the output temperature (Thot) is very efficient but requires very efficient heat transfer from the heat pump system to surroundings (i.e., use of piped floor).