What is semiconductor in 12th physics?

Spread the love

Semiconductors are the materials which have a conductivity between conductors (generally metals) and non-conductors or insulators (such as ceramics). Semiconductors can be compounds such as gallium arsenide or pure elements, such as germanium or silicon.

What are the important topics in semiconductor 12?

  • Band theory of solids.
  • Basics of semiconductors.
  • The PN junction.
  • PN junction biasing.
  • Rectifiers.
  • Zener diode.
  • Optoelectronic devices.
  • Transistors working.

Is semiconductor Class 12 difficult?

Answer. No, it’s not tough at all, it’s a bit lengthy chapter.

What is semiconductor PPT?

Introduction. Semiconductor is a solid substance that has conductivity between that of an insulator and that of most metals, either due to the addition of an impurity or because of temperature effects. Devices made of semiconductors, notably silicon, are essential components of most electronic circuits.

What are the 2 types of semiconductors?

Semiconductors are divided into two categories: Intrinsic Semiconductor. Extrinsic Semiconductor.

What are the 3 properties of semiconductors?

  • Property 1:The resistivity of a semiconductor is less than an insulator but higher than a conductor.
  • Property 2: Semiconductors show a negative temperature coefficient of resistance.
  • Property 3: At zero kelvin, semiconductors behave as insulators.

What are the topics in semiconductor?

Important topics from Semiconductor for boards are Energy Band, Semiconductor basics, p-n junction and Optoelectronic Devices such as solar cell, photodiode, and Zener diode. For 1 marker and MCQ for class 12 boards, conceptual questions from these topics as well as a photodiode and p-n junction questions can be asked.

Is semiconductor important for JEE?

Semiconductor Electronics is an important part of the Physics syllabus for NEET, JEE and the notes are helpful for all the aspirants preparing for different entrance exams. The Important topics which are included under this chapter i.e. semiconductors are Energy Bands in Solids, p-n junction, logic gates, etc.

Why is PN junction used?

P-N junction diode can be used as a photodiode as the diode is sensitive to the light when the configuration of the diode is reverse-biased. It can be used as a solar cell. When the diode is forward-biased, it can be used in LED lighting applications.

Is semiconductor Chapter easy?

Semi conductors and communication can be treated as moderately difficult. You need to keep in kind certain things and keep your concepts clear. Also along with understanding the topic you need to mug up few things. It is an important chapter for jee mains and students must try to study it nicely.

Is class 12 physics tough?

Most of the students find the Class 12 Physics subject difficult. This is also due to the vast syllabus and derivations that are there in both parts of the NCERT class 12 Physics book.

What is semiconductor theory?

As per theory of semiconductor, semiconductor in its pure form is called as intrinsic semiconductor. In pure semiconductor number of electrons (n) is equal to number of holes (p) and thus conductivity is very low as valence electrons are covalent bonded.

What is p-type and n-type semiconductor?

The majority carriers in a p-type semiconductorp-type semiconductorWhat is P-type material? Semiconductors like germanium or silicon doped with any of the trivalent atoms like boron, indium or gallium are called p-type semiconductors. The impurity atom is surrounded by four silicon atoms. It provides the atoms to fill only three covalent bonds as it has only three valence electrons.https://byjus.com › jee-questions › what-is-p-type-materialWhat is P-type material? – Byju’s are holes. In an n-type semiconductor, pentavalent impurity from the V group is added to the pure semiconductor. Examples of pentavalent impurities are Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth etc. The pentavalent impurities provide extra electrons and are termed as donor atoms.

What is pn junction PPT?

PN junction can basically work in two modes, (A battery is connected to the diode ) forward bias mode ( positive terminal connected to p-region and negative terminal connected to n region) reverse bias mode ( negative terminal connected to p-region and positive terminal connected to n region) 12.

What is the use of semiconductor?

Semiconductors are an essential component of electronic devices, enabling advances in communications, computing, healthcare, military systems, transportation, clean energy, and countless other applications.

What material is used in semiconductors?

What are the most used semiconductor materials? The most used semiconductor materials are silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide. Of the three, germanium was one of the earliest semiconductor materials used.

Why silicon is used in semiconductor?

Silicon, a very common element, is used as the raw material of semiconductors because of its stable structure. Purification of Silicon consumes large amounts of power.

What are the advantages of semiconductor?

Semiconductors, unlike vacuum tubes, are shock-proof. Furthermore, they are smaller in size, take up less space, and use less power. Semiconductors are extremely sensitive to temperature and radiation when compared to vacuum tubes. Semiconductors are less expensive than vacuum diodes and have a much longer shelf life.

Who invented semiconductor?

Karl Ferdinand Braun developed the crystal detector, the first semiconductor device, in 1874.

What is energy gap In semiconductor?

The energy gap in a crystalline solid is the difference in energy between the electrons’ conduction band bottom and valence band. The energy gap in semiconductors is relatively small. Its value is 2 eV to 3 eV. That’s why with a little amount of doping, semiconductors are easy to convert into conductors.

Is graphite a semiconductor?

Note that graphite has been classified as a semiconductor but only in the ultrafast time scales (in the scale of femtoseconds (10−15s)) during which it was seen to exhibit semi-conductor-like properties, by virtue of which it might find appropriate applications in future carbon-based electronic devices.

What is semiconductor and its properties?

Semiconductors possess specific electrical properties. A substance that conducts electricity is called a conductor, and a substance that does not conduct electricity is called an insulator. Semiconductors are substances with properties somewhere between them. Electrical properties can be indicated by resistivity.

What is an N type semiconductor Class 12?

N-Type Semiconductors: N-Type semiconductors are formed by doping pure elements element such as Silicon (Si) and Geranium (Ge) having 5 valence electrons with pentavalent impurity such as Antimony (Sb), Arsenic (As) or phosphorus (P) having four valence electrons.

Which chapters can I skip for JEE mains?

  • Laws of Motion. Let us look at the below-mentioned concepts from the Laws of Motion.
  • Principles of Communication.
  • Centre of Mass and Collisions.
  • Circular Motion.
  • Heating and Chemical Effects of Current.

Is JEE Mains Physics easy?

The Physics section comes with application-based questions that are easy to solve but difficult to interpret. Students need to have a grip over the basic concepts to attempt such JEE Main Physics questions. According to experts, the difficulty level of Physics is moderate to easy.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!