The huge force exerted by the bat on the ball causes severe distortion of the ball as it is hit. So, during the bat-ball collision, an average force of roughly two tons acts during the 0.7 millisecond contact time, with a peak force of about four tons. That’s a lot of force!
What are the physics of hitting a baseball?
What kind of force is a bat striking a baseball?
Being hit by a bat, muscular force acts on the ball through the bat. And, it is also in gravitational field so traditional force also act on It. So, the forces acted upon the boll are both muscular and gravitational force.
What forces are involved in hitting a baseball?
There are three forces that act on a baseball in flight. The forces are the weight, drag, and lift. Lift and drag are actually two components of a single aerodynamic force acting on the ball. Drag acts in a direction opposite to the motion, and lift acts perpendicular to the motion.
Is it scientifically possible to hit a baseball?
At the highest levels, hitting a baseball is a seemingly impossible task. Once it leaves the pitcher’s hand, the ball, typically traveling 85 to 95 mph, takes 400 to 500 milliseconds to reach home.
What kind of energy is hitting a baseball?
Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. Both the swinging bat and the pitched ball possess kinetic energy, which is generated by the players who swing the bat and throw the ball. Potential energy is what might be called “stored” energy.
What is the effect of force and the ball is hit with a bat?
The bat exerts a force on the ball. This is the action force. Reaction will be the motion of ball after hitting with bat.
Does a baseball bat slow down when it hits a ball?
The answer here is Yes, but not much. Upon contact, there will be impulse between the bat and the ball and this impulse speeds the ball up and slows the bat down. However, according to Newton’s 3rd law of motion, which is the action-reaction of forces, says the ball is also hitting the bat, so the bat must slow down.
What is the opposite reaction force when a baseball bat hits a ball?
Explanation: According to Newton’s third law, the force exerted by the bat hitting the ball will be equal in magnitude but opposite in direction of the force the ball exerts on the bat.
How much force is needed to swing a bat?
“The batter exerts some 6000-8000 pounds of force on the ball. This force is required to change a 5 1/8th-ounce ball from a speed of 90 mph to a speed of 110 mph, this distorts the baseball to half its original diameter and the bat is compressed one fiftieth of it’s size.”
How does the law of inertia apply to baseball?
The law of inertia is involved in baseball because every object remains at rest or in uniform motion in a straight line unless compelled to change its state by the action of an external force so this would be for when the pitcher throws the ball.
How much force does the ball apply on the bat?
When the bat made contact with the ball it exerted around 8,000 pounds of force, sending the ball in the opposite direction at about 110 mph¹.
How does inertia and Newton’s first law apply to baseball?
Newton’s first law of motion states than an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion unless acted on by an external force. At the most basic level, the baseball would simply stay on the ground forever, until the pitcher applied a force to pick it up.
What force is acting on the ball just after it leaves the bat?
Explanation: Once the ball leaves the bat, there is no longer a contact force applied on the ball in the upward direction. There are no horizontal forces at work either. The only force acting on the ball is gravity.
How does the force of gravity influence the movement in baseball?
Gravity pulls the ball downwards, drag slows the ball down, and the Magnus force… Well, that depends on the pitch. As the ball spins in its flight path, pressure variations form on it and the Magnus effect generates a force perpendicular to the motion of the ball in the direction of the spin.
What is statistically the hardest thing to do in sports?
In baseball, if you get three hits out of every ten at-bats, that means a . 300 average and you’ll be one of the best hitters in the game. And for this very reason alone, Popular Science says that hitting a baseball is the hardest thing to do in sports.
What’s the hardest sport to go pro in?
- Ice Hockey. If you enjoy the majesty of gliding over the ice and the thrill of smashing into other adults, you might want to pursue a career in hockey.
Why hitting a baseball is the hardest thing to do?
First, the speed of the pitch. The average fastball comes at you at more than 90 miles per hour . . . and it’s fired from less than 60 feet away. That gives the batter about 150 milliseconds to decide whether to swing. On top of that, the ball is only in the hitting zone for less than 10 milliseconds.
How much energy does a baseball bat swing?
In the classic book The Physics of Baseball (3rd ed, p. 33), Adair says that for a bat to have a speed of 70 mph at the sweet spot, assuming it is rotated about the knob, the resulting energy of the bat is about 0.6 horsepower-seconds (equivalent to 448 Joules or 330 ft-lb).
What factors affect the energy of the ball?
The amount of Kinetic Energy that an object possesses is dependent on two factors: mass and velocity. Both of these factors are directly proportional to the kinetic energy.
Is hitting a baseball mechanical energy?
Mechanical Energy Is Everywhere It’s a baseball player swinging a bat to hit the ball across the field.
Why hitting a ball with a bat the speed of the bat decreases?
Explanation: in the case of a ball and the cricket bat, when the bat comes in contact with the ball it exerts a force on the ball in the forward direction. hence the speed of the bat decreases.
When a ball is hit with a bat it changes its direction of motion?
⊙ when the ball is hit by a bat the ball changes it’s direction of motion due to the impact of force.
Why should you follow through when hitting a ball physics?
Instead, the follow-through increases the time of collision and subsequently contributes to an increase in the velocity change of the ball. By following through, a hitter can hit the ball in such a way that it leaves the bat or racket with more velocity (i.e., the ball is moving faster).
Does heavier bat hit ball farther?
So, using a heavier bat should result in faster hit balls, which means the hit ball will travel farther. If a player can maintain the same bat swing speed with a heavier bat, the heavier bat will produce higher batted ball velocity and an increase in distance.