The purpose of this laboratory activity is to measure the acceleration of a falling object assuming that the only force acting on the object is the gravitational force.

Table of Contents

## How do you solve a free fall question in physics?

## What is the formula for free fall?

The formula for free fall: vยฒ= 2gh. v=gt.

## What is the conclusion of free fall experiment?

All objects, irrespective of their mass, experience the same acceleration g when falling freely under the influence of gravity at the same point on the Earth.

## What factors the fall of the object?

When something falls, it falls because of gravity. Because that object feels a force, it accelerates, which means its velocity gets bigger and bigger as it falls.

## What is free-falling body in physics?

An object falling without any air resistance under the influence of gravitational force is said to be in free-fall. For free-falling bodies, the acceleration due to gravity is constant, irrespective of their mass.

## Do heavier objects fall faster?

Moreover, given two objects of the same shape and material, the heavier (larger) one will fall faster because the ratio of drag force to gravitational force decreases as the size of the object increases.

## What is the speed of free fall?

Near the surface of the Earth, an object in free fall in a vacuum will accelerate at approximately 9.8 m/s2, independent of its mass. With air resistance acting on an object that has been dropped, the object will eventually reach a terminal velocity, which is around 53 m/s (190 km/h or 118 mph) for a human skydiver.

## How do you calculate falling speed?

The acceleration of gravity near the earth is g = -9.81 m/s^2. To find out something’s speed (or velocity) after a certain amount of time, you just multiply the acceleration of gravity by the amount of time since it was let go of. So you get: velocity = -9.81 m/s^2 * time, or V = gt.

## Is velocity constant in free fall?

Acceleration from gravity is always constant and downward, but the direction and magnitude of velocity change. At the highest point in its trajectory, the ball has zero velocity, and the magnitude of velocity increases again as the ball falls back toward the earth (see figure 1).

## What is free falling motion?

Freefall can be defined as a scenario when an object is moving only under the effect of the Earth’s gravitational pull. As external force is exerted on the object, the motion will be constantly accelerated. This is known as freefall acceleration.

## What factors affect free fall acceleration?

- The shape of the Earth.
- Rotational motion of the Earth.
- Altitude above the Earth’s surface.
- Depth below the Earth’s surface.

## Who discovered free fall motion?

After Galileo Galilei performed innumerable experiments involving the falling of objects, he reached the following experimental conclusion: In the absence of air resistance, all objects fall with the same constant acceleration, g = 9.8 m/s2, this acceleration is called the acceleration of gravity.

## What is the effect of gravity on a falling object?

When objects fall to the ground, gravity causes them to accelerate. Acceleration is a change in velocity, and velocity, in turn, is a measure of the speed and direction of motion. Gravity causes an object to fall toward the ground at a faster and faster velocity the longer the object falls.

## Does free fall depend on mass?

The mass, size, and shape of the object are not a factor in describing the motion of the object. So all objects, regardless of size or shape or weight, free fall with the same acceleration. On the figure, we show an orbiting Space Shuttle and a space walking astronaut.

## What does free fall depend on?

Free Fall Motion Objects that are said to be undergoing free fall, are not encountering a significant force of air resistance; they are falling under the sole influence of gravity. Under such conditions, all objects will fall with the same rate of acceleration, regardless of their mass.

## Which object will fall first?

The force due to gravitation and air resistance. In the absence of air resistance, both heavy and the lighter object will hit the ground at the same time. If the air resistance is present, the air resistance will slow down the lighter object. Therefore the heavier object will hit the ground first.

## Why is g negative free fall?

The acceleration due to gravity is ALWAYS negative. Any object affected only by gravity (a projectile or an object in free fall) has an acceleration of -9.81 m/s2, regardless of the direction. The acceleration is negative when going up because the speed is decreasing.

## What is maximum velocity of a falling object?

Terminal velocity is defined as the highest velocity that can be achieved by an object that is falling through a fluid, such as air or water. When terminal velocity is reached, the downward force of gravity is equal to the sum of the object’s buoyancy and the drag force.

## Does free fall have air resistance?

Free-fall is the motion of objects that move under the sole influence of gravity; free-falling objects do not encounter air resistance.

## Which falls first heavy or light?

Answer 1: Heavy objects fall at the same rate (or speed) as light ones. The acceleration due to gravity is about 10 m/s2 everywhere around earth, so all objects experience the same acceleration when they fall.

## How does surface area affect free fall?

The greater the cross-sectional area of an object, the greater the amount of air resistance it encounters since it collides with more air molecules. When a falling object has a large mass, it weighs more and will encounter a greater downward force of gravity.

## What falls faster feather or brick?

The bricks are more compact and dense and would fall faster than the pound of feathers. The pound of feathers would have so much more surface area and lower density that they would fall much slower than the bricks.

## What is gravity number?

The numerical value for the acceleration of gravity is most accurately known as 9.8 m/s/s. There are slight variations in this numerical value (to the second decimal place) that are dependent primarily upon on altitude.

## What is Ke formula?

Kinetic energy is directly proportional to the mass of the object and to the square of its velocity: K.E. = 1/2 m v2. If the mass has units of kilograms and the velocity of meters per second, the kinetic energy has units of kilograms-meters squared per second squared.