The 2011 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded today to Saul Perlmutter at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Brian Schmidt at the Australian National Lab and Adam Reiss at Johns Hopkins University for their discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe.
Who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2011?
Adam Riess, an astronomer at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) and Krieger-Eisenhower Professor in Physics and Astronomy at The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, today was awarded the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Who got the Nobel Prize in 2011 for the discovery of?
The 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded today to Daniel Shechtman of the Technion–Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa. Shechtman discovered what are called quasicrystals, a finding that fundamentally altered the understanding of solid matter.
Why did Feynman get the Nobel Prize?
In 1965, Feynman shared the 1965 Nobel prize in physics with Julian Schwinger and Shin’ichirō Tomonaga for “fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles”.
What did Brian Schmidt do?
Schmidt, (born February 24, 1967, Missoula, Montana, U.S.), astronomer who was awarded the 2011 Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of dark energy, a repulsive force that is the dominant component (73 percent) of the universe. He shared the prize with American physicist Saul Perlmutter and astronomer Adam Riess.
Why did Liu Xiaobo win the Nobel Prize?
During his fourth prison term, Liu was awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for “his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China.” Liu was the first Chinese citizen to be awarded a Nobel Prize of any kind while residing in China.
Why did Ramon y Cajal win the Nobel Prize?
The 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal for revealing the inner beauty of the nervous system.
What was Einstein’s theory of Nobel?
Detailed Solution. The correct answer is the photoelectric effect. Albert Einstein received his Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.
Why didn’t Einstein win the Nobel Prize for the theory of relativity?
As Einstein’s fame spread, so he alienated himself from the physics community by refusing to accept quantum theory. A Nobel prize for relativity was never awarded.
Who Turned Down Nobel?
The 59-year-old author Jean-Paul Sartre declined the Nobel Prize in Literature, which he was awarded in October 1964. He said he always refused official distinctions and did not want to be “institutionalised”.
Did Albert Einstein get a Nobel?
According to the Nobel Foundation’s statutes, the Nobel Prize can in such a case be reserved until the following year, and this statute was then applied. Albert Einstein therefore received his Nobel Prize for 1921 one year later, in 1922.
What did Alfred Nobel find out from his research?
Nobel’s second important invention was that of dynamite in 1867. By chance, he discovered that nitroglycerin was absorbed to dryness by kieselguhr, a porous siliceous earth, and the resulting mixture was much safer to use and easier to handle than nitroglycerin alone.
Did Stephen Hawking meet Richard Feynman?
As an impressionable young student, it was a tremendous thrill to meet so many celebrities and renowned physicists. One of the great excitements of visiting Caltech, where Stephen was a Fairchild scholar in 1975, was meeting the brilliant physicist Richard Feynman, who was regarded almost like a god there.
Did Richard Feynman reject the Nobel Prize?
This is because after winning the prize in 1965, Feynman relinquished his unease at the award turning the scientists into an institution. It was no strange thing for Feynman to offer an opinion contrary to authority.
Did Feynman and Einstein meet?
The day came and Feynman started to write some physics equations on the blackboard rightly before the seminar while he was writing, Einstein entered the hall and told him, “Hello, I’m coming to your seminar. But first where’s the tea?” It was Feynman’s first encounter with Einstein.
What did Brian Schmidt study?
He graduated with a BS (Physics) and BS (Astronomy) from the University of Arizona in 1989. He received his AM (Astronomy) in 1992 and then PhD (Astronomy) in 1993 from Harvard University. Schmidt’s PhD thesis was supervised by Robert Kirshner and used Type II Supernovae to measure the Hubble Constant.
Why did Obama get the Nobel Peace Prizes?
The 2009 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to United States President Barack Obama (b. 1961) for his “extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”.
Who refused the Nobel Peace Prize?
When Hanoi was bombed at Christmastime on Kissinger’s orders, Le Duc Tho agreed to an armistice. But when he received the Peace Prize together with Kissinger in the autumn of 1973, he refused to accept it, on the grounds that his opposite number had violated the truce.
What did Golgi and Cajal disagree about?
Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramon y Cajal shared the Nobel Prize in 1906 for their work on the histology of the nerve cell, but both held diametrically opposed views about the Neuron Doctrine which emphasizes the structural, functional and developmental singularity of the nerve cell.
What did Golgi and Cajal discover?
Intrigued immediately, Cajal began using Golgi’s stain to support his idea that the nervous system was made up a web of distinct elements. The black reaction had revealed to Cajal the spaces between the tiny parts that made up the whole. The two shared a Nobel Prize in 1906.
What did Santiago Ramón y Cajal demonstrate?
His findings were central in the elaboration of the neuron doctrine: Cajal demonstrated that the nervous system was made up of individual cells (neurons, term coined by Waldeyer) connected to each other by small contact zones (synapses, term coined by Sherrington).
What was Albert Einstein’s IQ?
What was Albert Einstein’s IQ? Though some sources estimate theoretical physicist Albert Einstein’s IQ was around 160, there is no indication he ever had his IQ tested, according to biography.com.
What illness did Alfred Nobel have?
Toward the end of his life, Alfred Nobel suffered from a heart condition marked by paroxysms of intense pain (angina pectoris). The real nature of his health problems at a younger age are not clear, but one may well imagine that he was simply overworked or under serious mental stress.
Why did Einstein not accept quantum mechanics?
Einstein always believed that everything is certain, and we can calculate everything. That’s why he rejected quantum mechanics, due to its factor of uncertainty.
Did Nikola Tesla reject Nobel Prize?
In 1912, the Nobel Committee announced that Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison were the recipients of the Physics Prize; instead, the prize went to Gustav Dalen. Details of the reversal are unclear but it is known that Tesla refused the prize (and the $20,000 that came with it).